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Solana: What Is It and How Does It Work?


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Solana (SOL) is a digital currency that works similarly to Ethereum. First introduced in 2017 by developer Anatoly Yakovenko, it’s now one of the most popular cryptocurrencies on the market. Solana is allegedly much faster than other cryptocurrencies on the blockchain in terms of the number of transactions it can process in a particular period. It also has significantly lower transaction fees than competitors like Ethereum or Bitcoin. 

Here’s everything you need to know about Solana — what it is and how it works. 

What is Solana?

Solana (SOL) was designed to host scalable and decentralized applications on the blockchain platform. The open infrastructure is fast, secure and resistant to any type of censorship. It’s also been carefully designed to encourage global adoption. Solana employs an innovative hybrid consensus framework that combines a novel proof-of-history (PoH) algorithm with a snappy synchronization engine based on proof-of-stake (PoS) — a consensus mechanism that validates entries in a database to keep crypto safe and information secure. 

In the past, cryptocurrencies relied on a proof-of-work algorithm that used a consensus mechanism that relied strongly on miners to identify the next block on the chain. This delayed most transactions, not to mention wasted tremendous amounts of energy and resources. 

Solana’s delegated proof-of-stake method provides consumers with solutions to two of three cryptocurrency challenges: security and scalability. Its proof of history mechanism offers the network unparalleled security. While the speed with which the Solana platform conducts calculations provides for higher scalability.

The digital currency’s value skyrocketed by almost 12,000% in 2021, which led to it becoming the fifth-largest digital currency in the world. Unfortunately, Solana prices experienced a significant drop in 2022 — and by October — only had a market capitalization of $11.71 billion. It’s currently the ninth-largest cryptocurrency, next to Cardano (ADA).

How Does Solana Work?

Processing large amounts of transactions quickly often require centralization. Thus, banks typically use huge networks of computers to maintain high processing speeds. As the point of blockchain technology is to provide everyone with a decentralized transaction system, Solana employs both proof-of-history and delegated proof-of-stake protocols. This allows it to process thousands of transactions quickly while still maintaining decentralization. Since Solana’s systems have reduced environmental and monetary costs, this speed also allows for greater scalability in the long run.

Solana employs a 256-bit secure hash algorithm (SHA-256), which is a collection of patented cryptographic operations that generate a 256-bit result. The network samples the number and SHA-256 hashes on a regular basis, delivering real-time data based on the set of hashes contained in central processing units. This sequence of hashes may be used by Solana validators to record a specific piece of data, produced before the production of a given hash index.

What Gives Solana (SOL) Value?

The usefulness of the SOL coin determines its worth. It can be used as a validator node or a delegator to safeguard the network through staking. Holders can benefit from this since they receive half of the transaction fees and the majority of fresh token issuance. SOL is also valuable to developers and users of Solana’s ecosystem crypto applications because it’s essential to pay transaction fees. 

As the Solana ecosystem expands and the blockchain conducts more transactions, SOL will gain even more value due to increased demand from stakeholders, developers, and consumers.

Is Solana a Good Investment?

Cryptocurrencies are very volatile and dangerous investment instruments. It’s natural for investors to feel skeptical when initially investing in any digital currency. 

Many conventional variables impact the price of Solana, including project updates and development information, consumer sentiment, the movement of assets on exchanges, and the economy in general. The cost of SOL is also influenced by the token’s inflation rate, the quantity burnt, and the expansion of the Solana ecosystem.

That said, is Solana a good investment? 

Several analysts have concluded that Solana prices will soar by the end of 2022, rising to almost $65 minimum and $150 maximum. However, not all analysts project the same results. Some believe that Solana’s value will remain relatively the same throughout the year, with a slight increase (around $6.93) by year’s end.

Since SOL is currently trading at affordable rates, it can potentially be a good deal for most investors. Regardless, keep in mind that cryptocurrencies are highly volatile. If you’re going to invest in any coins, take care not to lose more than you have in your pocket. 

Final Thoughts

Solana is currently one of the biggest blockchain platforms in the crypto world — and it’s only getting bigger with time. Due to its fast transaction speeds and much more secure protocols, it’s quickly becoming a preferred mode of negotiation by users worldwide. To take advantage of its potential and growth, it’s vital to invest as early as possible. 

While time is of the essence when it comes to investing in crypto, it’s important to remember that crypto values are highly volatile. Never invest more than what you can afford; otherwise, you’d be putting yourself dangerously close to financial ruin. 

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Jahnavi Arora
Jahnavi Arora
Jahnavi is a freelance content writer.

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